YALOVA

Ancient Yalova

The first settlement in the region dates back to the Prehistoric Period, in around 3000 BC. The Hittites ruled the region in the 21st century BC,  followed by the Phrygians in the 13th century BC. The region was conquered by the Romans in 74 BC.

In Antiquity and for most of the Middle Ages, the town was known as Pylae or Pylai , which is Greek for “gates”, as it was at the start of one of the main routes leading into Asia for whomever crossed the Sea of Marmara from Europe.

Middle Ages

In the Byzantine period the town remained of some importance due to its geographic location, and emperors frequently used it as a disembarkation point from Constantinople. Thus Emperor Heraclius landed here in 622, at the beginning of his counter-offensive against the Persians, and Romanos IV Diogenes did the same in 1071, on his way to the Battle of Manzikert.  In the 9th century, the town was also the site of one of the beacons that transmitted news from the frontier with the Abbasid Caliphate, and included an imperial hostel for travellers. In the late 10th century, however, Leo of Synada described Pylae as little more than a village, where cattle, horses, pigs and other animals were gathered to be shipped to Constantinople.

The town and the surrounding district were raided by the Seljuk Turks after Manzikert, but soon recovered. In 1147, Greek refugees from Phrygia were settled there. In 1199 charter of privileges to Venetian merchants, it is attested along with neighbouring Pythia Therma as a separate fiscal district (episkepsis), and was a separate province by the time of the Fourth Crusade (1204).  Following the fall of Constantinople to the Crusaders, Pylae formed part of the Empire of Nicaea, and served as the main port for Nicaea itself. Pylae remained in Byzantine hands until ca. 1302, when Turkish attacks grew in intensity, forcing much of the population to abandon it and seek refuge in the Princes’ Islands.

Modern

Shortly after, Yalova was incorporated into the territory of the Ottoman Empire. It was part of Sanjak of Kocaeli and was known as successively “Yalakabad” and “Yalıova”. It was occupied by Greek troops in 5 September 1920 during Turkish War of Independence.  During the occupiation, Massacres in Yalova peninsula occurred. Greek troops, who stationed in Adapazarı,Sapanca, Kandıra, İzmit, Karamürsel and Yalova were begun to move initially Bursa, laterly Eskişehir region after Greek defeat atSecond Battle of İnönü for concentrating ones at line of Bursa-Uşak and attacking Turkish ones, which concantrated in Afyonkarahisar, Eskiehir and Kütahya. Turkish troops, who waited beyond Sakarya River, used this opportunity and attacked loosened Greek ones. Adapazarı was liberated in 26 June 1921,[8] İzmit in 28 June 1921 and finally Yalova in 19 July 1921.  It was initially county centre in Karamürsel district of Kocaeli Province. It was become district centre in Istanbul Province in 1930 after joining 2 villages from Orhangazi before becoming a province centre in 1995.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk occasionally lived in Yalova in his final years. In one of his speeches he famously said: “Yalova is my city.

Post Discussion

Be the first to comment “YALOVA”

Loading Maps
View
Normal Midnight Family Fest Open dark Riverside Ozan
My Location Fullscreen

Total: 22 tours .    Showing 1 - 10 view all

Search for Tour

Not what you're looking for? Try your search again

    0 of 5 (no review )
    YILDIZ PALACE

    Yildiz Palace and Park, Istanbul, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    YILDIZ PALACE   Yildiz Palace, covering an area of 500,000 square meters on a location ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Xanthos

    Xanthos/Antalya Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Xanthos Xanthos: On the way to Fethiye from Patara you’ll come to an antique town built on a ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Topkapı Palace

    Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Topkapı Palace After the conquest of Istanbul by Mehmed the Conqueror at 1453, construction of ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Termessos

    Termessos, Bayatbademleri Köyü/Korkuteli/Antalya, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Termessos A visit to the ruins of the ancient city of Termessos is an unforgettable experience, ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Sultan ahmet Mosque

    Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Fatih, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Sultan ahmet Mosque  “Blue Mosque”   The cascading domes and six slender minarets ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Süleymaniye Mosque

    Süleymaniye, 34116 Fatih/İstanbul, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Süleymaniye Mosque The Blue Mosque was commissioned by Sultan Ahmet I when he was only 19 years ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Simena

    Simena Antik Kenti, Demre/Antalya, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Simena Simena (Kale): Receiving its beauty from its history, sea and sun, Simena is accessible ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Patara

    Patara Plajı 07975 Kaş/Antalya Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Patara Patara: It is on Kalkan-Fethiye road, nearly 10 km after Kalkan and is located at the ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Myra

    Demre/Antalya, Turkey

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Myra Myra (Demre): The town lies 25 km west of Finike and 48 km east of Kaş. It is one of the ...

    From Book now
    0 of 5 (no review )
    Antalya Museum

    Antalya Müzesi Konyaaltı Cad. No:88-07050 ANTALYA

    Activity Type: Daily Activity

    Antalya Museum The province of Antalya is endowed with the richest natural and historic ...

    From Book now

Total: 37 activities .    Showing 1 - 10 view all

Search for Activity

Not what you're looking for? Try your search again